The foundations of the Agile method | Agilitest blog

The origins of Agility

It all started in 1986. Ikujiro Nonaka and Hirotaka Takeuchi — two academics — observed companies such as Toyota and defined three categories of companies:

  • Companies where the phases overlap slightly, based on the observation that it is conceivable, for example, to start the architecture when 80% of the specifications have been completed.
  • Companies where everything is done at the same time.

The emergence of the term “Agile”

The term “agile” appeared in the English-speaking business world in the early 1990s. In 1991, James Martin (English consultant and author in information technology, hee is known for his work on information technology engineering) based his vision on the continuous evolution of computer techniques and proposed a method for rapid application development.

A manifesto about Agility

In 2001, a manifesto for Agile Software Development was written in the United States by seventeen software development experts. Each of these experts had already developed new methods that were lighter than traditional methods inspired by civil engineering. If agile methods did not appear thanks to this manifesto, it does however officially refer to these methods under the term Agile.

The Twelve principles of Manifesto for Agile Software Development

The four values of the Agile Manifesto have been broken down into twelve principles, in order to provide operational support to teams wishing to follow them.

To conclude

Back in the day, the term “Agile” was defining a concept that was already present but not very popular. It gave the conditions to qualify a method that goes beyond the classical schemes. Today, this term is used a lot in digital marketing and new technologies, sometimes rightly and sometimes wrongly. No doubt that this method is going to remain a major trend and an ideal for many companies.



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